However, Justice Elena Kagan denied the request, which means that Michigan may not retroactively enforce additional restrictions on registered sex offenders in the state. The risk that someone will commit a new sex offense varies significantly among offenders. In , a judge in Michigan ordered a year-old teenager to be placed on the state sex offender registry for 25 years as a result of an act of sex he had with a year-old girl at the time. By far the greatest danger of sexual abuse of children is not from strangers, but rather from relatives, sitters, friends, etc. In other words, the great majority of sex crimes are committed by new offenders, not repeat offenders. In the end, the court ruled against the state of Michigan, stating that the restrictions were undeniably punitive. A study by the Prison Policy Initiative found that almost 50 percent of Grand Rapids is off-limits to registrants and much of the other 50 percent contains non-residential areas. Changing Exclusion Zones Depending on How You Measure foot geographic zones drawn around each of three nested protected areas: See the map below. Recent Case Example The appeals court also reprimanded Michigan lawmakers for passing a statute that was excessively broad and failed to distinguish between appropriate levels of punishment for very different cases. In fact, studies have revealed that proximity to schools and other places where children congregate had little relation to where offenders met child victims. Department of Justice recommends against offender exclusion zones because the zones do not reduce crime: Michigan Fights the Federal Court Ruling In due course, the State of Michigan filed an emergency petition with the Supreme Court to block the ruling of the appeals court. As of , the state had nearly 43, persons registered as sex offenders. Davis Law Group Griswold St. These laws have formed the basis of some controversy between supporters, opponents, and even within the federal court system. These individuals are convinced that these restrictions will further help the state protect children from sex offenders, which is of vital importance to all concerned.