Asking any new military school to measure up to the tradition and prestige associated with V. Three problems associated with much of the research and practice in this area make it difficult to offer a general assessment of single-sex classes: What Does the Research Tell Us? During this era, formal educational options for women were nonexistent. Ordinary cases of classification must demonstrate a rational relationship between a government agency's actions and its purpose. If we have reason to believe that single-sex education is the best way to eliminate gender inequity in the classroom, can government legitimately fund single-sex education in public schools? In deciding in favor of the plaintiff, the Court demonstrated its ability to examine factors of educational equality that are neither tangible nor associated with physical facilities. In terms of geographic location, almost half of the women's colleges are located in the northeastern United States, while 33 percent are located in the South. Evans looked at the impact of a specific project that utilized single-sex groups, whereas Richardson described a school in which all classes were separated by sex. Single-sex primary and secondary schools established before Title IX's passage are not threatened by the act, and new single-sex schools of this level will not necessarily face violations of Title IX either Jacobson, , p. There are, however, several good reasons for the law to make public and federally assisted single-sex education the exception rather than the rule. Because higher education in the colonial period was aimed at preparing men for the clergy and for leadership, there was no real impetus to provide higher education for women. By definition, educational opportunities that are limited to one sex deprive each and every member of the excluded gender—historically, girls and women—of the benefits of those opportunities, regardless of the number of individual students who might stand to gain from them.