In fact, they are more likely to demand a drug test to be cleared of the allegation of drug use than to refuse to take one on principle. I suggest that if you do not wish to cooperate in any way, you contact an attorney and have that attorney talk with us. First, the private interest that will be affected by the official action; second, the risk of an erroneous deprivation of such interest through the procedures used, and the probable value, if any, of additional or substitute procedural safeguards; and finally, the Government's interest, including the function involved and the fiscal and administrative burdens that the additional or substitute procedural requirement would entail. The adjudicative phase determines whether the probate court may exercise jurisdiction over the child. With more than 50 percent of child protective cases involving substance abuse, CPS agencies are dependent on the expertise of the treatment agencies. She was accused of failing to protect him from his father. However, owing to his tender years [five] and the nature of the acts to which he was subjected, the trial justice decided that a routine, in-court examination of the child could result in severe psychological trauma. Therefore, this case might be closed at intake because no real neglect is occurring. Upon a finding of jurisdiction, the probate court has several options, one of which is to return the children to their parents. I think there are cases like that. Most require an immediate oral spoken report, and many now have toll-free telephone numbers to facilitate reporting. Jose also had a rash on his lips, Michelle says it was an infection called impetigo. In the first deposition, the child did not implicate her father. Eighteen States, in fact, require all citizens to report suspected abuse or neglect; other State mandatory reporting statutes often include substance abuse treatment staff, particularly staff comprised of State-licensed therapists, nurses, and social workers. Mothers who give birth to babies who are born harmed by or addicted to illegal substances may also face legal consequences. Below, I list the most important to keep in mind.