In South Africa, people who have sex with animals are, regardless of the experience of the animal, breaking the law, but in many other countries the picture isn't so clear, and bestiality could remain legal for years to come. A widely publicised documentary by Vice , subtly titled Animal Fuckers, focused on the sexual exploits of two Danish citizens, both of whom lived in urban areas and regularly engaged in sexual intercourse with animals. Zoophilia refers more to the bigger picture of people who have a desire to form sexual relationships with animals. As a result of the publicity the trial received, the state of Washington outlawed humans having sex with animals early the following year. Even religions vary in their tolerance of bestiality. Humans having sex with animals is called bestiality, and it isn't nearly as rare as you might think. In South Africa, there have been a number of cases of bestiality that have caught the attention of local news. User question "Is it ok if I have sex with my pet dog? Even Health24's resident expert forums have received dozens of questions, and comments on these questions, over the years. In countries like South Africa and the UK, it has been illegal for centuries and it is unlikely a challenge to this ruling would be brought in front of the courts. Bestiality refers to the actual act of engaging in sexual intercourse with an animal, regardless of the motivation and circumstances. If left untreated, the disease can be fatal. One recent paper which sought to find a link between sex with animals and penile cancer has offered a little insight, however. In unvaccinated humans the disease is almost always fatal if treatment is not undertaken swiftly. For starters, there is the issue of the transmission of diseases from one party to the other. Some prominent activists go as far as to say that animals actually derive sexual pleasure from the experience and that this effectively negates any claims of animal cruelty.