You are not currently authenticated. But there are likewise reasons to believe that many women could and did find pleasure in sexual relations, mostly within but sometimes outside of marriage. And certainly, there were many such impediments during the middle ages. He discovered that his three daughters were having intimate relations with some of his knights and had the men publicly disemboweled. Lastly, I would like to comment on the role of Ashgate in supporting this sort of scholarly research through their willingness to publish a series devoted to Non-Canonical Early Modern Texts. She has since become interested in the history of women and the family in the United States and has written a fair number of scholarly articles. Although the Church may have suppressed a lot of the sexual expressions, I doubt that this meant that women did not enjoy sex or hesitate to have sexual relationships. Unlike Aristotle, who had insisted that women play no role in conception, but merely provided a temporary home for the fetus this is a bit of an exaggeration , Galen insisted that it was imperative that the woman ejaculate her sperm for conception to succeed. La plus ca change and all that. Of should I say misunderstanding! You can remain fully anonymous. Thomas Aquinas expanded the definition of sodomy to include all acts other than vaginal intercourse. Adultery and fornication in some cases were sins punishable by death, but for a time the Church actually condoned prostitution, admitting that it was a necessary evil. Indeed, until the nineteenth century, popular opinion held that women were more governed by their sexual desires than men, thus the need to keep them under control. Only in the last century or so have women themselves openly discussed their sexuality in ways that are accessible to the historian. Of maybe, it depends.