The movie has to have at least two women in it, who talk to each other, about something besides a man. It was never meant to be a measure of feminism, but rather a cultural barometer. Is one of them definitely not magic? Are there two named characters of color? Does the film contain a character that is identifiably LGBT, and is not solely or predominantly defined by their sexual orientation or gender identity, as well as tied into the plot in such a way that their removal would have a significant effect? Are they not romantically involved with one another? Source code passes this test if it contains a function written by a woman developer which calls a function written by a different woman developer. The writers of the age, who included Chateaubriand, Stendhal, Balzac, and Mme de Duras, agreed that they lived at a historical turning point, a transitional moment whose outcome, though still uncertain, would transform the French way of life—beginning with the French way of love. Where Bechdel and Wallace expressed it as simply a way to point out the rote, unthinkingly normative plotlines of mainstream film, these days passing it has somehow become synonymous with 'being feminist'. Violence increased over time in male and female characters alike. Similarly, the Telegraph film critic Robbie Collin disapproved of the test as prizing "box-ticking and stat-hoarding over analysis and appreciation", and suggested that the underlying problem of the lack of well-drawn female characters in film ought to be a topic of discourse, rather than individual films failing or passing the Bechdel test. In , only one in six of the directors, writers, and producers behind the most commercially successful movies in the United States was a woman. The Bechdel test has inspired others, notably feminist and antiracist critics and fans, to formulate criteria for evaluating works of fiction, in part because of the Bechdel test's limitations. And I tried to remember any case in the course of my reading where two women are represented as friends. If not, the question remains how one defines the start and end of a conversation. A work may pass the test and still contain sexist content, and a work with prominent female characters may fail the test.