The papal visit provided a unique opportunity for public demonstrations of faith in a country that had imposed tight restrictions on religious expression in and was officially atheist until The Clinton administration rejected this proposal in January , instead opting for a package of limited measures intended to increase contacts between U. With some notable exceptions, however, these nations have failed to use their renewed dialogue with Cuba to press for human rights protection. To the Canadian Government The Canadian government has pursued a policy of constructive engagement with Cuba since signing a January accord on investment issues that also opened a dialogue on human rights. With the Criminal Code in hand, Cuban officials have broad authority to repress peaceful government opponents. Moreover, the government's barring of the ICRC, which works behind the scenes to protect the rights of political prisoners and does not publicize its findings, shows a profound lack of concern for those prisoners' welfare. Cuba should encourage family visits and cease the arbitrary refusal of family provisions of supplies for prisoners, such as food and medicine. The Cuban government should reform its Criminal Code, repealing or narrowing the definition of all crimes that are in violation of established international human rights norms and practices. It shows that neither Cuban law nor practice guarantees the fundamental rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration. The Cuban government should permit pastoral visits by clergy, without subjecting prisoners to intense review of their justifications for such visits. Cuba has not legalized any independent union, whether in the broader national economy or in the foreign investment sector, and the restrictive measures of the Associations Law all but preclude such a step. And Cuba's extensive prison labor program, meanwhile, fails to observe basic principles for the humane treatment of prisoners and violates an international ban on forced labor, by requiring political prisoners to work. Most prisoners suffer malnourishment from an insufficient prison diet and languish in overcrowded cells without appropriate medical attention. Cuba should cease application of the Criminal Code's state security crimes, including enemy propaganda, rebellion, revealing secrets concerning state security, sedition, sabotage, and other acts against state security otros actos contra la seguridad del estado , against nonviolent dissidents for the exercise of their fundamental rights.